The federal government’s technique was to mix coveted airports with loss-making terminals to stability the blocks.
Printed on 12.09.2022 at 12:58 Valter Campanato/Agência Brasil Folhapress
With the signing of the most recent contracts of the airport concession program, the equal of 91.6% of the amount of transported passengers might be transferred to non-public brokers, based on knowledge from Anac (Nationwide Civil Aviation Company), from 2011 to 2022.
The federal government’s technique was to mix coveted airports with loss-making terminals to stability the blocks. In the latest public sale, from the seventh spherical of airport concessions, which came about in August this yr, one other 15 airports have been bought, grouped into three blocks.
The primary one, Congonhas (SP), entered the radar of the Spanish firm Aena – which already had six terminals underneath its accountability within the Northeast.
As well as, among the many winners of the tenders that modified the face of the principle Brazilian terminals are consortia fashioned by corporations that already operated on different modes – equivalent to CCR and Socicam – to giant operators from Europe, such because the French. Vinci, German Fraport and Switzerland Zurich.
See what they’re:
– The North-East Block
Aracaju (SE), Campina Grande (PB), João Pessoa (PB), Juazeiro do Norte (CE), Maceió (AL) and Recife (PE)
– Block SP/MS/PA/MG
Altamira (PA), Campo Grande (MS), Carajás (PA), Congonhas – São Paulo (SP), Corumbá (MS), Marabá (PA), Montes Claros (MG), Ponta Porã (MS), Santarém (PA) , Uberaba (MG) and Uberlândia (MG)
In 2019, Aena gained the concession for six airports within the Northeast, together with these in Recife, Maceió and João Pessoa, with a bid of BRL 1.9 billion and investments of BRL 2.15 billion.
In August 2022, the Spanish group was additionally the one occasion within the bloc that included the so-called jewel within the crown of the latest public sale spherical, Congonhas Airport in São Paulo. Aena gained the São Paulo terminal and ten different airports with a bid of BRL 2.45 billion (231% premium).
Aena, whose primary shareholder is the Spanish authorities, additionally operates Madrid-Barajas Airport, one of many busiest in Europe, along with controlling 45 different airports within the nation, one in Mexico, two in Colombia and two in Jamaica. Just lately, the group acquired a unfavorable evaluation from the Recife airport administration, with malfunctions famous within the baggage processing programs at boarding and baggage return.
Goiânia (GO), Imperatriz (MA), Palmas (TO), Petrolina (PE), São Luís (MA), Teresina (PI)
Bacacheri – Curitiba (PR), Bagé (RS), Curitiba (PR), Foz do Iguaçu (PR), Joinville (SC), Londrina (PR), Navegantes (SC), Pelotas (RS) and Uruguaiana (RS)
In 2021, CCR gained the tender for the Central Block with a bid of BRL 754 million (9.156% premium) and a forecast of BRL 1.8 billion in investments within the six air terminals. The bloc’s airports carried round 7.3 million passengers in 2019, and passenger site visitors is predicted to extend by 208% over the 30-year contract (22.5 million).
The South Block had an preliminary contribution of R$2.128 billion and a premium of 1,534.36% over the preliminary minimal bid of R$130.2 million. The group contains 9 airports and collectively the terminals transported round 12.4 million passengers in 2019. In 30 years, the quantity of passengers carried by these airports might attain round 27 million.
The group entered the airport phase in 2012. In different operations, the corporate is answerable for 3,615 kilometers of highways within the nationwide concession community in 5 states. As well as, CCR is within the passenger transport phase, by concessionaires equivalent to ViaQuatro (Metro Line 4) and CCR Metrô Bahia.
> Socicam (in partnerships):
Midwest Block (Aeroeste Consortium – Socicam and Sinart)
Alta Floresta, Cuiabá, Rondonópolis and Sinop (all in MT)
North Block 2 (NovoNorte Consortium – Socicam/Dix Empreendimentos)
Belém (PA) and Macapá (AP)
The corporate has 24 airport terminals underneath its administration within the nation. Final August, Socicam – which additionally manages passenger terminals such because the Tietê bus station in São Paulo – and Dix Empreendimentos (which already operated terminals within the northeast) gained the block masking the airports of Belém (PA) and Macapá . (AP). The supply of the consortium referred to as NovoNorte was R$125 million (119.78% premium) and managed to beat a suggestion from Vinci of R$115 million.
The transfer strengthened the pattern of bus terminal operators to broaden their space of operation with airport administration. Three years earlier, in 2019, Socicam had already gained 4 airports in Mato Groso with the Aeroeste consortium, fashioned in partnership with Sinart, with a suggestion of 40 million lei and deliberate investments of 770.6 million lei.
> Fraport Brasil:
Fortaleza (CE) and Porto Alegre (RS)
In 2017, Fraport, which had misplaced the dispute over Galeão airport 4 years earlier, was probably the most aggressive competitor in that concession spherical. The German firm took over the airports of Fortaleza (with a suggestion of R$ 425 million) and Porto Alegre (R$ 290.5 million).
The corporate benefited from a rule change that allowed the identical group to bid for terminals positioned in numerous areas.
In keeping with the group, the airport complicated in Frankfurt, which is its base, has greater than 80,000 workers. Fraport’s portfolio spans 4 continents, with actions in 31 airports around the globe. In fiscal yr 2019, it made a revenue of roughly EUR 454 million (R$2.35 billion).
> GRU Airport:
Guarulhos – Sao Paulo (SP)
With the signing of the concession contract, in 2012, the concessionaire of the Guarulhos Worldwide Airport was fashioned, with 51% of the shares belonging to Grupar (Grupo Invepar and ACSA, from South Africa) and 49% to Infraero (Empresa Brasileira from the Airport Infrastructure).
In February 2013, the concessionaire assumed full administration of the most important passenger terminal in Latin America. To satisfy the rising demand, the principle works embody the development of the brand new passenger terminal (T3), which turned operational in Might 2014, and the modernization mission of Terminals 1 and a pair of, the works of which have been delivered within the second half of the yr 2016.
> South America:
In 2012, the consortium that features Inframérica purchased the Brasilia terminal for R$4.5 billion, or 673% greater than the federal government’s request.
A decade after profitable the tender, Inframerica, which is a part of the Argentine multinational Corporación América, is predicted to begin a 700 million lei actual property funding mission.
The complicated consists of a shopping mall, a logistics heart and an leisure heart. Along with being one of many busiest airports within the nation, the Brasília terminal additionally has the attraction of getting direct flights to all of the capitals.
> Vinci Airports:
Boa Vista (RR), Cruzeiro do Sul (AC), Manaus (AM), Porto Velho (RO), Rio Branco (AC), Tabatinga (AM) and Tefé (AM)
Salvador Airport (BA)
With eight terminals in Brazil, Vinci manages seven terminals within the Northern area. The block consisting of Manaus, Porto Velho, Rio Branco, Cruzeiro do Sul, Tabatinga, Tefé and Boa Vista airports was bought in 2021 for R$ 420 million, a premium of 777.47% in comparison with the preliminary minimal supply.
On the time, the French group indicated that the Amazon area represents a synergy with its operation in French Guiana, which has direct flights to Paris.
In complete, the French group operates 53 airports in 12 international locations in Europe, Asia and America. Vinci had additionally gained the Salvador airport in 2017, with a suggestion of over 660.9 million lei. The minimal bid for Salvador was 310 million lei.
> XP Infra IV:
– Basic aviation block
Campo de Marte – São Paulo (SP) and Jacarepaguá – Rio de Janeiro (RJ)
In August 2022, XP Infra IV gained the block consisting of Campo de Marte (SP) and Jacarepaguá (RJ) airports, being the one competitor, with a bid of R$141.4 million – a premium of 0.01%. In keeping with the corporate, the transfer marks its entry into the sector, by XP Asset.
The block, referred to as “Basic Aviation”, considers operations that aren’t scheduled flights – primarily helicopters and personal and small planes. Anac’s estimate is that the journey to the terminals will attain 700 thousand passengers in 30 years, when the contract ends.
Representatives of the XP fund attributed a few of the curiosity in airports to the potential for actual property exploration. As well as, a part of Congonhas’ government aviation is predicted to be absorbed by Campo de Marte within the coming years, which ought to improve revenues.
> Zurich Airport:
– South-East Block
Florianópolis (SC) Macaé (RJ) and Vitória (ES)
– BH Airport (in partnership with CCR):
Confins – Belo Horizonte (MG)
The Zurich Airport Group operates terminals in numerous components of the world: along with the airport in Zurich, Switzerland, and the terminals in Florianópolis, Vitória, Macaé and Belo Horizonte, in Brazil, the corporate has investments in Bogotá (Colombia), Curaçao. (within the Caribbean) and Iquique and Antofagasta (in Chile).
In 2019, the Swiss firm gained the tender for the airports of Vitória and Macaé with a bid of BRL 437 million.
In Belo Horizonte, the Swiss group operates the Tancredo Neves Worldwide Airport since 2014 with the CCR group. The Swiss firm additionally gained the Florianópolis mission in 2017 with a bid of BRL 83 million. The preliminary minimal bid was R$53 million. Florianópolis was probably the most contested airport in that spherical, being the goal of 11 bids.