Meals Pyramid: Why Is This Meals System Outdated?

Good diet is important for a wholesome life, so supporting supplies and instruments should be created in order that the inhabitants has a sure foundation for a secure weight loss plan that gives sufficient vitamins for particular person wants in an effort to keep away from illnesses akin to obese and weight problems, and preserve a very good standing. diet, thereby stopping malnutrition.

in accordance with Meals information for the folks of Brazil, “obese impacts one in two adults and one in three Brazilian youngsters.” These supporting supplies change over time and it is because new research and research are being carried out and on daily basis these supplies are higher tailored to the truth of the inhabitants in accordance with its cultural, socio-economic and environmental profile, along with bettering their high quality. life.

Such instruments successfully take part within the every day lifetime of the inhabitants via training and understanding of wholesome, balanced and ample diet. Supplies and instruments most recognized to the inhabitants, meals pyramid that is Meals information for the folks of Brazil. Will we get to know them a bit extra?

What’s a meals pyramid and why was it created?

Meals pyramid. (Supply: Educa Mais Brasil)

Created in america in 1992, the Meals Pyramid developed from the evolution of a meals information ready by america Division of Agriculture (USDA) to offer the inhabitants with extra ample diet.

How did you insert this pyramid right here in Brazil?

Some modifications needed to be made in an effort to set up this pyramid right here in Brazil, which is why it turned referred to as the Tailored Meals Pyramid. Each day vitality consumption reported for Brazilians ranged from 1600 to 2800 kcal. The meals was divided into 8 meals teams, there was a change in merchandise in reference to the consuming habits of our nation and a rise in parts, primarily with the intention of diversifying meals and in the correct amount.

How is the meals pyramid divided?

The tailored meals pyramid is split into 8 teams:

  • SaharaA: With much less illustration, they’re meals that ought to be consumed moderately. Examples: chocolate and honey;
  • fat: additionally much less consultant. Examples: margarine, butter and numerous oils;
  • Karnes: this group represents proteins akin to fish, hen, purple meat, egg, mushrooms, and so forth.;
  • milk and dairy merchandise: additionally represents proteins, however akin to milk, cheeses, yogurt, cottage cheese, and so forth.;
  • legumes: totally different group of proteins, however much like beans, lentils, peas, and so forth.;
  • vegetable: comprises nutritional vitamins, minerals and fiber. Examples are greens on the whole;
  • fruit: additionally comprises nutritional vitamins, minerals and fiber. Examples: strawberries, mangoes, grapes, and so forth.;
  • cereals/bread: that is the bottom of the pyramid, that’s, we’re speaking about meals that should be consumed in massive parts, as a result of they supply vitality. Examples: bread, potatoes, pasta, rice, and so forth.

What’s the Brazilian Inhabitants Meals Information?

aMeals information for the Brazilian inhabitants. (Supply: Ministry of Well being)

In accordance with article Compliance with dietary suggestions for the Brazilian inhabitants, it “represents the primary official set of dietary tips for Brazil”. That is an official doc created solely to encourage ample diet of the inhabitants. The Meals Handbook was printed in 2006 and its second version was printed in 2014 (changing the previous model) and was ready by the Ministry of Well being in collaboration with the Middle for Epidemiological Analysis in Vitamin and Well being of the College of São Paulo (NUPENS). ) supported by the Pan American Well being Group (PAHO).

On this newest version, new suggestions have been talked about because of the situation modifications which have taken place in Brazilian society, in addition to because of the elevated institutionalization of the Nationwide Meals Security and Vitamin Coverage and the adoption of the Natural Meals Regulation. and meals security.

What are your ideas and objectives?

The Meals Information has 5 ideas:

  • Meals is greater than nutrient consumption;
  • Feeding suggestions ought to suit your schedule;
  • Ample and wholesome diet is offered by a socially and environmentally sustainable meals system;
  • Completely different information generates information for the preparation of dietary tips;
  • Meals guides broaden self-reliance in meals selections.

And, after all, its principal aim is to advertise well being via more healthy diet primarily based on the ideas and prevention of illnesses.

How do you want the brand new nomenclature?

The brand new nomenclature is a brand new approach of classifying merchandise, however what does that imply? These are the classes we match meals into and they’re primarily based on the degrees of meals processing. They’re divided as follows:

  • In pure or minimally processed meals: These are merchandise taken from nature and never topic to alter. Examples: greens, tomatoes, onions, carrots, potatoes, rice and beans. Minimally processed meals are present in pure merchandise which are cleaned, disinfected, chilled, floor, pasteurized, fermented, dried, and so forth. Examples: espresso, pasteurized milk, corn and cassava flour, dried fruits;
  • Oils, fat, salt and sugar: from the extraction of in natura merchandise that undergo a number of processes to acquire them. Examples: refined and coarse salt, soy or sunflower oil, olive oil, butter, lard, brown sugar, demerara and refined;
  • processed meals: they’re produced industrially and salt or sugar is added to them. Examples: greens preserved in salt, fruits in syrup, cured meats, and so forth.;
  • ultra-processed meals: These are industrial merchandise that comprise numerous components of their formulation. These meals are thought of low dietary meals which are excessive in energy and excessive in sodium, sugar, and fats. Examples: crackers, cookies, snacks, immediate noodles, soda, and so forth.

Why is using the Meals Information most well-liked and proven right this moment?

The information respects the Brazilian weight loss plan and social actuality and promotes meals tradition. He additionally prioritizes a particular relationship with the method of consuming, not downplaying meals as a mere supply of vitamins, however moderately as a brand new imaginative and prescient of meals.

The meals pyramid is outdated and has not been used for years, as a result of it doesn’t mirror and doesn’t consider the dietary tradition of the inhabitants, that’s, it doesn’t single out merchandise that carry the historical past and customs of the inhabitants. . For my part, that is nothing greater than a graphical help that classifies and limits the presentation of meals.

The place can I discover a diet information?

The Meals Information for the Brazilian Inhabitants is accessible in PDF format on the web site of the Ministry of Well being.


Marcela Andrade, weekly columnist for Mega Curioso, holds a Bachelor of Science in Social Communications with a qualification in Public Relations, a Bachelor of Arts in Vitamin, a Vitamin Forensic Scientist, and a PhD Pupil in Public Well being with a concentrate on Household Well being Technique.

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