Spots on the pores and skin are extra frequent than we predict and could be attributable to a number of components equivalent to solar publicity, insect bites, pimples, scars, burns, hormonal modifications, utility of aggressive peels, amongst others.
In keeping with the dermatologist beautician Patricia Elias, specialist in hyperchromies, hyperpigmentation happens when melanocytes, that are cells that produce melanin, the pigment that provides the pores and skin its coloration and safety, are stimulated. The excellent news is that there are lots of remedies for this transformation. Try the skilled suggestions for each scenario!
1. Zits spots, bruises and bug bites
“Some of these spots happen resulting from irritation that causes lesions and deposition of melanin and hemosiderin within the pores and skin throughout the post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation section. Additionally, when there’s a break within the pores and skin and extravasation of blood in that area, there may be the presence of iron which oxidizes the area and causes spots, ”he explains.
Skilled remedies embody chemical and bodily peels, which exfoliate the floor layer of the pores and skin, producing cell renewal that eliminates stained cells to make room for a brand new layer. One other indication is the plasma jet, which can be a perfect method for eradicating extra melanin deposited on the pores and skin, along with pulsed mild and microneedling. “The advisable process varies in keeping with the age of the individual, the kind of pores and skin, the time of the stain and the depth of the marks,” provides Patricia Elias.
There are additionally options for dwelling care that don’t in any method cancel the care supplied within the clinic. On this case they embody aloe vera gel, which has pure antibiotic properties that assist in the pores and skin regeneration course of and needs to be utilized with the fingertips in round motions each night time. “Another can be the white clay masks which, along with being soothing, additionally has detoxifying properties and needs to be combined with filtered water or aloe vera gel, leaving it on for about 20 minutes as soon as per week”, provides Patricia. Elias.
The dermatologist recommends using Vitamin A, which is a wonderful ally within the cell regeneration course of and acts successfully within the lightening of spots. “This can be very vital to not use it within the solar or together with retinoids,” he warns.
2. Solar or lemon spots and darkish spots on the armpits and groin
The distinction between some of these spots is principally because of the solar, friction and warmth or contact with citrus fruits which trigger phytophotodermatitis. “Sunspots happen as a result of the solar’s rays are a serious reason behind hyperpigmentation resulting from its melanin-producing energy. Within the case of lemon, it happens because of the mixture of acid and warmth, producing irritation and, consequently, pores and skin hyperpigmentation. The spots on the armpits and groin, alternatively, are a consequence of the friction and warmth of the pores and skin, ”explains Patricia.
Among the many remedies that assist lighten the sort of spots and enhance the looks of the pores and skin there are microneedling, intense pulsed mild, ozone remedy, led remedy and particular chemical peels. “Microneedling is a wonderful ally for treating blemishes and stimulating the manufacturing of collagen within the pores and skin. The extraordinary pulsed mild, which acts immediately on the factors the place there may be extra melanin, promotes coagulation which renews the world by lightening the spots. Ozone remedy can be advisable with the goal of enhancing the standard of the pores and skin and serving to to dispense with the pigment, ”he explains.
To be handled at dwelling, rosehip oil is a wonderful possibility for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and renewing motion, which helps within the therapy of blemishes and acts on the well being of the pores and skin. Simply apply just a few drops immediately on the pores and skin, massaging with light round actions for two or 3 minutes, 1 to 2 occasions a day. “I additionally suggest mastic tea as a result of it has properties that inhibit the enzymes that enhance the pores and skin’s melanin. Simply apply the new drink on gauze and depart it in your face for 20 minutes daily ”.
Melasma, an issue that impacts 15 to 35% of Brazilian girls, is hyperpigmentation of the pores and skin because of the extra deposit of melanin, ensuing within the formation of brown-dark or grayish spots, with well-defined limits and irregular form. Publicity to the solar or warmth is the principle trigger that intensifies the looks of the spots. Nonetheless, the principle issue that triggers this pathology of genetic origin is the hormonal alteration.
Within the examine, the indication is for chemical peeling, non-aggressive laser, intense pulsed mild, microneedling, utility of injectable plasma and lots of different strategies.
It is usually potential to deal with melasma with whitening lotions with vitamin C, retinol, glycolic, mandelic, kojic tranexamic and alpha arbutin. The usage of calming and antioxidant substances additionally helps to recuperate the standard of the pores and skin. An alternative choice is to make use of white clay or dolomite combined with aloe vera gel and a drop of palmarosa important oil. “It’s important to not expose your self to the solar throughout the therapy. Melasma is a troublesome blemish and requires a variety of care, so it’s all the time vital to hunt out a certified practitioner and hyperchromic specialist to point the suitable therapy, ”he concludes.